Innovating The Next Big Thing April 26, 2015 ph.gif
ph.gif
Sections

Analyst Insights
Enterprise Insights
Network & Information Security
Enterprise Mobility
Remembering 9/11
About

Next Innovator Group

TechnologyInnovator
• NextInnovator
EnterpriseInnovator
SecurityInnovator
DefenseInnovator
WirelessInnovator 
• HPinnovator
EnergyInnovator
TransportationInnovator  

Contact

• NextInnovator(at)Live.com

Writers Wanted

Writers Wanted

Feedjit Live Traffic Feed


Next Innovators

Ghost City
Frontline Sentinel
• Innovation Insights
WebInno
Over the River
Enderle Group
Security Insights Blog 
McAfee Audio Parasitics
Rethinking Security
Ovum
iSuppli
Canalys
• eMarketer 
• CRM Help Desk SW 
Rethink Research

McAfee AudioParasitics


 
Barry's Book Shop
Ads

ph.gif ph.gif
Enterprise Insights M2M Interoperability: Protocols Evolve to Meet Grid Requirements
Mar 11, 2012 – Tony Paine

There has been lots of discussion about how best to add the ‘smart’ into smartgrid – starting first with M2M interoperability between generation, distribution, transmission, and consumption within the electrical infrastructure. The Department of Energy calculates that our electrical grid comprises about 10,000 generating units with a generation capacity in excess of 1,000,000 megawatts of energy and over 300,000 miles of transmission lines. With a growing environmentally-conscious population and an increasing demand for energy, there needs to be serious M2M interoperability considerations when it comes to preparing for future requirements to support the grid’s infrastructure. 
 
M2M interoperability or connectivity technologies will be able to assist utility companies and technology providers to maximize use of their existing infrastructure. With costs estimated in the trillions once the grid is completed, and expenditures forecasted even higher if current generation plants and distribution facilities be shut down and replaced, it is certain that the population will not bear the cost to tear down buildings and homes to take advantage of the smart grid. Additionally, it is not feasible to start from the beginning and create a single standard or protocol to unify the elements of this ecosystem. Therefore our only option is to leverage what is already in place and retrofit pre-existing systems in a way that they interoperate and provide us with data to make smarter decisions.

The first step in creating a smarter grid was investing in an Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI). This technology enables utility companies to monitor energy usage in hourly intervals, which in turn provides them with the ability to base charges on whether energy is consumed during peak or non-peak times. It also enables consumers to determine the price of energy at any point in time. Smart meters have the ability to report power outages and quality of service through using an exchange of information between utility companies and consumers via the use of a protocol. Protocols help define the structure and transfer of information between entities.


A paradigm shift is underway in utilizing open protocols that provide M2M interoperability among vendors. The Internet Protocol Suite, which has global acceptance, will be the foundation for communications. Internet Protocols only provide lower-level communications interoperability at the network and transport layers. This in itself is important, because it allows vendors to select standardized components (such as Ethernet or Wi-Fi) to incorporate into their systems. These components can then be plugged into an existing infrastructure that is already connecting different players in the smart grid ecosystem. It is on top of these layers that systems and devices must build their application-level requirements, specifying the data and corresponding structure that will be exchanged.


The practice of creating application-level protocol requirements is not new to the power and building automation space. The power industry has its share of existing protocols allowing for M2M connectivity. In North America, DNP3 (Distributed Network Protocol) is used heavily in process automation for electric utilities, exchanging information between control centers, Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs). In Europe, the IEC 61850 protocol has been adopted and has similar functionality and characteristics as DNP3.

The building automation and control networks space includes BACnet, which is widely used in HVAC systems, lighting, security, and fire detection applications. In order to turn a building into a smarter building, the existing control and automation systems must interoperate with the smart grid.

Manufacturers are one of the largest consumers of energy. In order to automate the manufacturing process, M2M communications must occur among these various components. Much like the different components in a smart grid, each component utilizes its own protocol (which may be open and sometimes proprietary). The manufacturing industry was instrumental in creating OPC (Open Connectivity) as a standard. OPC is an abstraction layer between the different components and their underlying protocols. The latest version of OPC is known as OPC Unified Architecture (UA), and provides some of the same features that are required of the smart grid. OPC and UA helps retrofit proprietary-based systems into more open based systems and enables M2M communications, data sharing and real-time automated decision making. Power, building, and manufacturing markets’ standards and protocols are being evaluated closely to support the grid. Leveraging these protocols or building interoperable gateways will accelerate the grid’s creation.

Tony Paine is President and CEO of Kepware Technologies.


» Send this article to a friend...
» Comments? Tell us what you think...
» More Enterprise Insights articles...

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Comments
blog comments powered by Disqus

Search EnterpriseInnovator

ph.gif ph.gif
Support This Site



Newest Articles

• 4/17 McAfee Blog Central: Cybercriminals upped their game in 2014, according to Verizon report
• 4/17 McAfee Blog Central: Breaking Beebone: Global Takedown, Local Shut Down
• 4/16 IBM News: IBM Opens Threat Intelligence to Combat Cyber Attacks
• 4/15 McAfee Blog Central: Botnet to Cybersecurity: Catch Me If You Can
• 4/15 IBM News: IBM Confers Highest Technical Honor to 10 New Fellows
• 4/14 Symantec News: Deceptive New Tactics Give Advanced Attackers Free Reign Over Corporate Networks
• 4/14 McAfee Blog Central: Taking a Close Look at Data-Stealing NionSpy File Infector
• 4/14 McAfee Blog Central: Verizon Report Foreshadows Breaches Originating With IoT Devices
• 4/14 Intel News: Intel Reports First-Quarter Revenue of $12.8 Billion, Consistent with Revised Forecast
• 4/14 IBM News: Johnson & Johnson and IBM Announce Plans to Collaborate on Advanced Solutions Designed to Transform Healthcare Delivery
• 4/13 Symantec News: Symantec Expands Incident Response Services Globally
• 4/13 Symantec Connect: The Old and New; The Difficulties of Keeping Up To Date
• 4/13 McAfee Blog Central: Do you have a mobile wallet?
• 4/13 IBM News: IBM Acquires Explorys to Accelerate Cognitive Insights for Health and Wellness
• 4/13 IBM News: IBM to Acquire Phytel to Help Healthcare Providers Deliver Higher Value Care
• 4/13 Cyber Trust Blog: A cornerstone to trust in technology – compliance – proves foundational as more U.S. government organizations adopt cloud services
• 4/9 McAfee Blog Central: Takedown Stops Polymorphic Botnet
• 4/9 McAfee Blog Central: Reducing your breach risk through vendor consolidation
• 4/9 Intel News: U.S. Department of Energy Selects Intel to Deliver Nation's Most Powerful Supercomputer at Argonne National Laboratory
• 4/9 IBM News: IBM Research Sets New Record for Tape Storage
• 4/9 IBM News: IBM and Barcelona Supercomputing Center – Centro Nacional de Supercomputación Celebrate a Decade of Collaboration
• 4/8 McAfee Blog Central: Phishers take on the White House and win
• 4/8 Intel News: Intel Marks 30 Years in China with New Products, Investments and Collaborations
• 4/8 IBM News: U.S. Army Taps IBM Hybrid Cloud for One of Federal Government's Biggest Logistics Systems
• 4/8 Cyber Trust Blog: Transparency & Trust in the Cloud Series: Omaha and Des Moines
• 4/7 IBM News: NASA and IBM Rally Global Developers around Space Exploration on the IBM Cloud
• 4/7 IBM News: Coca-Cola Amatil Improves its Customer Experience with IBM Cloud
• 4/6 Symantec News: Symantec to Webcast Quarterly Earnings Call
• 4/6 McAfee Blog Central: 4 Tips for Spring Cleaning Your Digital Life
• 4/6 Intel News: Intel to Change Financial Reporting Structure
• 4/2 Intel News: Intel Publishes 2014 Annual Report and 2015 Proxy Statement; Sets Date for Annual Stockholders' Meeting
• 4/2 Intel News: Ingenico Group and Intel to Bring Payments to the Internet of Things
• 4/2 IBM News: IBM Rolls Out Social Messaging Software for a New Way to Work
• 4/2 IBM News: IBM and China Telecom Partner to Accelerate Mobile Enterprise Adoption in China
• 4/1 McAfee Blog Central: British Airways frequent flyers report stolen air miles
• 4/1 IBM News: 4 Out Of 5 Consumers Declare Brands Don’t Know Them As An Individual, According to IBM and Econsultancy Study
• 3/31 McAfee Blog Central: The Scan: 5 Habits of Practically Unhackable People
• 3/31 IBM News: IBM Connects “Internet of Things” to the Enterprise
• 3/31 IBM News: IBM and The Weather Company Partner to Bring Advanced Weather Insights to Business
• 3/31 Ovum: WhatsApp takes on the challenge of VoIP communications
• 3/31 Gartner Says Mobile App Adoption Is Maturing as Usage Mellows
• 3/31 Gartner Says Asia Pacific Devices Shipments to Grow 3.2 Percent in 2015
• 3/31 Cyber Trust Blog: RSA Conference 2015: Enhancing Cloud Trust
• 3/31 HP Security Products Blog: Join us at the HP Software Government Summit--on April 7th!
• 3/30 McAfee Blog Central: Endpoint Security Questions Every Leader Should Ask
• 3/30 HP Security Products Blog: Enterprise network security: What’s new for the week of March 23, 2015
• 3/27 Ovum: Facebook’s Messenger Platform takes measured steps towards a richer user experience
• 3/27 eMarketer: UK to Achieve World First as Half of Media Ad Spend Goes Digital
• 3/27 HP Security Products Blog: Securing the Internet of Things: Mapping IoT attack surface areas with the OWASP IoT Top 10 project
• 3/26 McAfee Blog Central:Cloud Computing – It’s a Question of Trust

AddThis Feed Button

Barry's Books


Ads

ph.gif
ph.gif Top ph.gif

© 2008 EnterpriseInnovator. All rights reserved.