Innovating The Next Big Thing April 1, 2015 ph.gif
ph.gif
Sections

Analyst Insights
Enterprise Insights
Network & Information Security
Enterprise Mobility
Remembering 9/11
About

Next Innovator Group

TechnologyInnovator
• NextInnovator
EnterpriseInnovator
SecurityInnovator
DefenseInnovator
WirelessInnovator 
• HPinnovator
EnergyInnovator
TransportationInnovator  

Contact

• NextInnovator(at)Live.com

Writers Wanted

Writers Wanted

Feedjit Live Traffic Feed


Next Innovators

Ghost City
Frontline Sentinel
• Innovation Insights
WebInno
Over the River
Enderle Group
Security Insights Blog 
McAfee Audio Parasitics
Rethinking Security
Ovum
iSuppli
Canalys
• eMarketer 
• CRM Help Desk SW 
Rethink Research

McAfee AudioParasitics


 
Barry's Book Shop
Ads

ph.gif ph.gif
Enterprise Insights M2M Interoperability: Protocols Evolve to Meet Grid Requirements
Mar 11, 2012 – Tony Paine

There has been lots of discussion about how best to add the ‘smart’ into smartgrid – starting first with M2M interoperability between generation, distribution, transmission, and consumption within the electrical infrastructure. The Department of Energy calculates that our electrical grid comprises about 10,000 generating units with a generation capacity in excess of 1,000,000 megawatts of energy and over 300,000 miles of transmission lines. With a growing environmentally-conscious population and an increasing demand for energy, there needs to be serious M2M interoperability considerations when it comes to preparing for future requirements to support the grid’s infrastructure. 
 
M2M interoperability or connectivity technologies will be able to assist utility companies and technology providers to maximize use of their existing infrastructure. With costs estimated in the trillions once the grid is completed, and expenditures forecasted even higher if current generation plants and distribution facilities be shut down and replaced, it is certain that the population will not bear the cost to tear down buildings and homes to take advantage of the smart grid. Additionally, it is not feasible to start from the beginning and create a single standard or protocol to unify the elements of this ecosystem. Therefore our only option is to leverage what is already in place and retrofit pre-existing systems in a way that they interoperate and provide us with data to make smarter decisions.

The first step in creating a smarter grid was investing in an Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI). This technology enables utility companies to monitor energy usage in hourly intervals, which in turn provides them with the ability to base charges on whether energy is consumed during peak or non-peak times. It also enables consumers to determine the price of energy at any point in time. Smart meters have the ability to report power outages and quality of service through using an exchange of information between utility companies and consumers via the use of a protocol. Protocols help define the structure and transfer of information between entities.


A paradigm shift is underway in utilizing open protocols that provide M2M interoperability among vendors. The Internet Protocol Suite, which has global acceptance, will be the foundation for communications. Internet Protocols only provide lower-level communications interoperability at the network and transport layers. This in itself is important, because it allows vendors to select standardized components (such as Ethernet or Wi-Fi) to incorporate into their systems. These components can then be plugged into an existing infrastructure that is already connecting different players in the smart grid ecosystem. It is on top of these layers that systems and devices must build their application-level requirements, specifying the data and corresponding structure that will be exchanged.


The practice of creating application-level protocol requirements is not new to the power and building automation space. The power industry has its share of existing protocols allowing for M2M connectivity. In North America, DNP3 (Distributed Network Protocol) is used heavily in process automation for electric utilities, exchanging information between control centers, Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs). In Europe, the IEC 61850 protocol has been adopted and has similar functionality and characteristics as DNP3.

The building automation and control networks space includes BACnet, which is widely used in HVAC systems, lighting, security, and fire detection applications. In order to turn a building into a smarter building, the existing control and automation systems must interoperate with the smart grid.

Manufacturers are one of the largest consumers of energy. In order to automate the manufacturing process, M2M communications must occur among these various components. Much like the different components in a smart grid, each component utilizes its own protocol (which may be open and sometimes proprietary). The manufacturing industry was instrumental in creating OPC (Open Connectivity) as a standard. OPC is an abstraction layer between the different components and their underlying protocols. The latest version of OPC is known as OPC Unified Architecture (UA), and provides some of the same features that are required of the smart grid. OPC and UA helps retrofit proprietary-based systems into more open based systems and enables M2M communications, data sharing and real-time automated decision making. Power, building, and manufacturing markets’ standards and protocols are being evaluated closely to support the grid. Leveraging these protocols or building interoperable gateways will accelerate the grid’s creation.

Tony Paine is President and CEO of Kepware Technologies.


» Send this article to a friend...
» Comments? Tell us what you think...
» More Enterprise Insights articles...

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Comments
blog comments powered by Disqus

Search EnterpriseInnovator

ph.gif ph.gif
Support This Site



Newest Articles

• 3/26 Faultline: 2020 Tokyo Olympic will be in 8K
• 3/26 Faultline: Amagi to roll out 2nd Gen ad splicing system at NAB
• 3/26 Faultline: Kilar’s Vessel still only half full at launch
• 3/26 Faultline: Google’s Schmidt confirms Glass 2.0
• 3/26 Faultline: SK Telecom bids for all of SK Broadband
• 3/26 Faultline: Deals, Launches and Products
• 3/26 Faultline: Dish picks Nagra for Dish Anywhere ad-insertion
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: Google’s Schmidt confirms Glass 2.0
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: Small Cell Forum and ETSI join forces on NFV
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: Ericsson looks ahead to software defined power architecture
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: 5G will fail like 3G, if operators continue to defend the old licensing regimes
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: India’s giant auction will divide sheep from goats in 4G
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: SK Telecom bids for all of SK Broadband
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: Facebook open sources its cellular apps performance tool
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: BT back in mobile, Three/O2 merger terms agreed
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: Telstra backs Cohere’s new modulation scheme
• 3/26 Wireless Watch: Adobe aids Microsoft’s Spartan with web standards partnership
• 3/19 Faultline: IDC cuts PC forecast, cools on tablet growth
• 3/19 Faultline: Sony USA retail is focused entirely on 4K
• 3/19 Faultline: 15 years after launch, HDTV penetration hits 81% in US Homes
• 3/19 Faultline: Netflix content spend outstrips big TV players
• 3/19 Faultline: Sony Vue takes highly individual route to the OTT promised land
• 3/19 Wireless Watch: Intel to get iPhone modem slots, in new blow for Qualcomm?
• 3/19 Wireless Watch: Foreign rivals could challenge America Movil in Mexican LTE
• 3/19 Wireless Watch: Zeroth ‘brain chip’ technology comes to Snapdragon handsets
• 3/19 Wireless Watch: Microsoft chooses not to chase Cyanogen stake
• 3/19 Wireless Watch: Amazon comes out of IoT shadows with 2lemetry buy
• 3/19 Wireless Watch: Broadcom hurls 400Gbps Ethernet at custom comms processors
• 3/18 Canalys News: Small business content security investment up 10% in 2014
• 3/13 Innovation Insights: Circumstances for the Success of the Apple Watch
• 3/12 Faultline: FCC broadband ruling will increase the demand for G.fast
• 3/12 Faultline: Imagine wins Microsoft Azure blessing to strengthen encoding
• 3/12 Faultline: Spring’s upfront ad-spend disappoints US TV networks
• 3/12 Faultline: Pay TV networks look to internet TV services to find viewers
• 3/12 Faultline: Broadcom joins queue to push Intel out of French set tops
• 3/12 Wireless Watch: Brocade acquires Connectem and its virtual EPC
• 3/12 Wireless Watch: China Mobile applies for FDD licence, in case TDD runs out
• 3/12 Wireless Watch: Canada’s AWS-3 auction raises only $2.6bn, Rogers stays out
• 3/12 Wireless Watch: Vodafone UK to launch VoLTE and WiFi Calling
• 3/12 Wireless Watch: IBM buys AlchemyAPI to boost Watson
• 3/12 Wireless Watch: Neutrality laws won’t work for the IoT, say operators
• 3/12 Wireless Watch: PayPal and Square convert to NFC
• 3/10 Over The River: Make Time for Game Time
• 3/9 Wireless Watch: vLTE-only chipmakers push Cat-1 at 4G internet of things
• 3/9 Wireless Watch: LTE-Broadcast’ s future is now assured
• 3/9 Wireless Watch: Mitel adds mobility to its platform with Mavenir buy
• 3/9 Wireless Watch: Ericsson escalates patents attack on Apple
• 3/9 Wireless Watch: InterDigital’s new product strategy starts to come to fruition
• 3/5 Faultline: Apple toppled from tablet top spot by White Box also-rans
• 3/5 Faultline: Panasonic takes Firefox OS to 4K TVs, Mozilla chases TV platform

AddThis Feed Button

Barry's Books


Ads

ph.gif
ph.gif Top ph.gif

© 2008 EnterpriseInnovator. All rights reserved.