Innovating The Next Big Thing November 22, 2014 ph.gif
ph.gif
Sections

Analyst Insights
Enterprise Insights
Network & Information Security
Enterprise Mobility
Remembering 9/11
About

Next Innovator Group

TechnologyInnovator
• NextInnovator
EnterpriseInnovator
SecurityInnovator
DefenseInnovator
WirelessInnovator 
• HPinnovator
EnergyInnovator
TransportationInnovator  

Contact

• NextInnovator(at)Live.com

Writers Wanted

Writers Wanted

Feedjit Live Web Stats


Next Innovators

Ghost City
Frontline Sentinel
• Innovation Insights
WebInno
Over the River
Enderle Group
Security Insights Blog 
McAfee Audio Parasitics
Rethinking Security
Ovum
iSuppli
Canalys
• eMarketer 
• CRM Help Desk SW 
Rethink Research
The Gadgeteer
Master the Moment

McAfee AudioParasitics


 
Barry's Book Shop
Ads

ph.gif ph.gif
Enterprise Insights M2M Interoperability: Protocols Evolve to Meet Grid Requirements
Mar 11, 2012 – Tony Paine

There has been lots of discussion about how best to add the ‘smart’ into smartgrid – starting first with M2M interoperability between generation, distribution, transmission, and consumption within the electrical infrastructure. The Department of Energy calculates that our electrical grid comprises about 10,000 generating units with a generation capacity in excess of 1,000,000 megawatts of energy and over 300,000 miles of transmission lines. With a growing environmentally-conscious population and an increasing demand for energy, there needs to be serious M2M interoperability considerations when it comes to preparing for future requirements to support the grid’s infrastructure. 
 
M2M interoperability or connectivity technologies will be able to assist utility companies and technology providers to maximize use of their existing infrastructure. With costs estimated in the trillions once the grid is completed, and expenditures forecasted even higher if current generation plants and distribution facilities be shut down and replaced, it is certain that the population will not bear the cost to tear down buildings and homes to take advantage of the smart grid. Additionally, it is not feasible to start from the beginning and create a single standard or protocol to unify the elements of this ecosystem. Therefore our only option is to leverage what is already in place and retrofit pre-existing systems in a way that they interoperate and provide us with data to make smarter decisions.

The first step in creating a smarter grid was investing in an Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI). This technology enables utility companies to monitor energy usage in hourly intervals, which in turn provides them with the ability to base charges on whether energy is consumed during peak or non-peak times. It also enables consumers to determine the price of energy at any point in time. Smart meters have the ability to report power outages and quality of service through using an exchange of information between utility companies and consumers via the use of a protocol. Protocols help define the structure and transfer of information between entities.


A paradigm shift is underway in utilizing open protocols that provide M2M interoperability among vendors. The Internet Protocol Suite, which has global acceptance, will be the foundation for communications. Internet Protocols only provide lower-level communications interoperability at the network and transport layers. This in itself is important, because it allows vendors to select standardized components (such as Ethernet or Wi-Fi) to incorporate into their systems. These components can then be plugged into an existing infrastructure that is already connecting different players in the smart grid ecosystem. It is on top of these layers that systems and devices must build their application-level requirements, specifying the data and corresponding structure that will be exchanged.


The practice of creating application-level protocol requirements is not new to the power and building automation space. The power industry has its share of existing protocols allowing for M2M connectivity. In North America, DNP3 (Distributed Network Protocol) is used heavily in process automation for electric utilities, exchanging information between control centers, Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs). In Europe, the IEC 61850 protocol has been adopted and has similar functionality and characteristics as DNP3.

The building automation and control networks space includes BACnet, which is widely used in HVAC systems, lighting, security, and fire detection applications. In order to turn a building into a smarter building, the existing control and automation systems must interoperate with the smart grid.

Manufacturers are one of the largest consumers of energy. In order to automate the manufacturing process, M2M communications must occur among these various components. Much like the different components in a smart grid, each component utilizes its own protocol (which may be open and sometimes proprietary). The manufacturing industry was instrumental in creating OPC (Open Connectivity) as a standard. OPC is an abstraction layer between the different components and their underlying protocols. The latest version of OPC is known as OPC Unified Architecture (UA), and provides some of the same features that are required of the smart grid. OPC and UA helps retrofit proprietary-based systems into more open based systems and enables M2M communications, data sharing and real-time automated decision making. Power, building, and manufacturing markets’ standards and protocols are being evaluated closely to support the grid. Leveraging these protocols or building interoperable gateways will accelerate the grid’s creation.

Tony Paine is President and CEO of Kepware Technologies.


» Send this article to a friend...
» Comments? Tell us what you think...
» More Enterprise Insights articles...

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Comments
blog comments powered by Disqus

Search EnterpriseInnovator

ph.gif ph.gif
Support This Site



Newest Articles

• 8/20 Gartner Identifies Eight Steps to Build a Compelling Business Case for Social Initiatives
• 8/19 Gartner Says Consumer 3D Printing Is More Than Five Years Away
• 8/14 Gartner Says Traditional Development Practices Will Fail for Mobile Apps
• 8/13 Ovum: Ovum forecasts global OC market to grow 8% in 2014
• 8/12 Plan Now to Avoid Windows XP Deja Vu With Windows 7
• 8/11 Gartner's 2014 Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies Maps the Journey to Digital Business
• 8/11 Gartner Says Chromebook Sales Will Reach 5.2 Million Units in 2014
• 8/10 Gartner Says Software Spending for Middle Eastern and North African Banking and Securities Firms to Grow More Than 9 Percent in 2014
• 8/7 Gartner Announces Symposium/ITxpo 2014, October 5-9, in Orlando
• 8/7 Faultline: EBU churlishly talks down LTE, but has no answers of its own
• 8/7 Faultline: Apple and Samsung stop fighting, notice Chinese creeping up
• 8/7 Canalys News: Canalys Channels Forums gather tech leaders to inspire and engage with partners and accelerate change
• 8/6 Gartner Says Indian Banking & Securities Firms To Spend 470 Billion Rupees on IT In 2014
• 8/4 Ovum: Ovum and Informa Telecoms & Media Research complete merger; creating a top-tier telecoms, media & IT research firm
• 8/4 Canalys News: Xiaomi becomes China’s top smart phone vendor
• 8/4 Canalys News: Notebook decline eases as tablet shipments level out
• 8/1 Ovum: Myanmar’s under-developed telecoms market is set to become the world’s fastest-growing
• 7/31 Wireless Watch: More twists and turns for Sprint as Iliad jumps in with TMO bid
• 7/31 Wireless Watch: European networks giants have adjusted to life with Huawei at last
• 7/30 Gartner Says India Security Market is on Pace to Grow 8 Percent in 2014
• 7/29 iSuppli: Fire Phone Hits the Sweet Spot for Hardware Costs, but Will Amazon's R&D Investment Pay Off?
• 7/25 Gartner Says IT Asset Managers and CIOs Should Work Together to Foster Digital Innovation and Avoid Technology Debt
• 7/24 Gartner Says Indias Mobile Services Market To Reach $19.2 Billion In 2014
• 7/24 Gartner Says Supply Chain Management Software Revenue Is on Course to Reach $10 Billion in 2014
• 7/24 Faultline: Poor awareness, content complacency; 4K TVs doomed to niche?
• 7/24 Faultline: Comcast will build over 1 million commercial hotspots in US
• 7/24 Wireless Watch: Subsidies out, non-handsets in, for the US’s big two carriers
• 7/24 Wireless Watch: The smartphone era is ending as the growth engine runs out of steam
• 7/23 McAfee Blogs: W32/Worm-AAEH Replaces Cryptor With One Used by Dofoil Downloaders
• 7/23 McAfee Blogs: The Firewall is Turning 25, but is it Really All Grown Up?
• 7/22 Ovum: Rushed analog switch-off threatens African TV
• 7/21 McAfee Blogs: 10 Experts, One Topic, 800 Million AETs
• 7/17 Ovum: Ovum Decision Matrix: Sustainable competitive advantage with the efficient use of data
• 7/17 Gartner Says the Business Consumer Requires a Digital Workplace
• 7/16 McAfee Blogs: Texas Tech University HSC Unifies Security and Compliance with McAfee SIEM Solutions
• 7/16 Ovum: To survive and thrive in today’s dynamic business climate, enterprises must treat data as an organizational asset, according to global analyst firm Ovum. Enterprises increasingly need to shift the basis of differentiation to focus on smarter
• 7/16 Gartner Says Mobile Application Strategies Will Be Transformed by Cognizant Computing
• 7/15 McAfee Blogs: Targeted Attacks on French Company Exploit Multiple Word Vulnerabilities
• 7/15 McAfee Blogs: Continuous Incident Response
• 7/15 Gartner Says CIOs Should Make Digital Business Technologies an IT Responsibility
• 7/15 Gartner Announces Keynote Lineup and Gartner Blueprints for Catalyst Conference 2014
• 7/15 iSuppli: Domestic Suppliers Dominate Chinese Solar Inverter Market as Demand Doubles
• 7/14 McAfee Blogs: Dofoil Downloader Update Adds XOR-, RC4-Based Encryption
• 7/14 Ovum: Analyst view: Amazon enters the file sync and share market with Zocalo
• 7/14 Ovum: Analyst view: Amazon enters the file sync and share market with Zocalo
• 7/12 Frontline Sentinel: The Impact of Red Team Drills
• 7/12 Frontline Sentinel: Integrating Threat Intelligence Into Your Security Program
• 7/12 Frontline Sentinel: Creating a Secure Guest Network
• 7/12 Frontline Sentinel: Onward Through the Cloud
• 7/10 Ovum: Analyst view: Teleperformance Group announced it will be buying Aegis’ US operations

AddThis Feed Button

Barry's Books


Ads

ph.gif
ph.gif Top ph.gif

© 2008 EnterpriseInnovator. All rights reserved.